2018 Volume 59 Issue 5 Pages 1123-1133
Increased gene expression levels of sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) are associated with hypertrophic and ischemic cardiomyopathy. However, it remains unclear whether chronic pressure overload increases SGLT1 expression, which in turn induces hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We hypothesized that pressure overload could increase SGLT1 gene expression, leading to the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
To create pressure overload-induced cardiomyopathy, transverse aortic constriction (TAC) was performed in SGLT1-deficient (SGLT1-/-) and wild-type (WT) mice. Six weeks after surgery, all mice were investigated. We observed a reduction of left ventricular fractional shortening and left ventricular dilatation in TAC-operated WT but not in TAC-operated SGLT1-/- mice. SGLT1, interleukin 18, connective tissue growth factor, and collagen type 1 gene expression levels were increased in TAC-operated WT mouse hearts compared with that of sham-operated WT mouse hearts. Moreover, heart/body weight ratio and ventricular interstitial fibrosis were increased in TAC-operated WT mice compared with that of sham-operated WT mice. Interestingly, these factors did not increase in TAC-operated SGLT1-/- mice compared with that of sham-operated WT and SGLT1-/- mice. Phenylephrine, an adrenergic α1 receptor agonist, caused cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in neonatal WT mouse hearts to a significantly larger extent than in neonatal SGLT1-/- mouse hearts.
In conclusion, the results indicate that chronic pressure overload increases SGLT1 and IL-18 gene expressions, leading to the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. These results make SGLT1 a potential candidate for the therapeutic target for hypertension-induced cardiomyopathy.