2018 Volume 59 Issue 5 Pages 1034-1040
Cognitive impairment is frequently represented in elderly patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD); yet, the mechanism is uncertain. Recent studies have suggested the association between the vascular endothelial dysfunction and cognitive impairment. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between endothelial dysfunction and cognitive impairment in elderly patients with CVD.
A total of 80 elderly patients (> 70 years old) with CVD were included. Patients who had already pharmacologically intervened for cognitive impairment were excluded. The endothelial dysfunction was assessed by the reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT). Cognitive impairment was diagnosed by the Mini-mental state examination.
The RH-PAT index was significantly lower in cognitive impairment (median 1.60 [interquartile range (IQR) 1.34 to 1.89], n = 51) as compared with non-cognitive impairment (median 1.75 [IQR 1.55 to 2.30], n = 29, P = 0.005). By a multivariate analysis, the RH-PAT index was independently associated with cognitive impairment (odds ratio: 0.89; 95% confidence interval: 0.81 to 0.97; per 0.1, P = 0.044). In the receiver-operating characteristic analysis, the best cut-off of the RH-PAT index to identify cognitive impairment was 1.65 (area under the curve 0.67; P = 0.011) with limited the sensitivity (63%) and specificity (66%).
A lower RH-PAT index was significantly associated with the presence of cognitive impairment in elderly CVD patients. Further studies are required to clarify the mechanism and the causal relationship between the endothelial dysfunction and cognitive impairment in patients with CVD.