2019 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 241-246
The evaluation of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), which maintains systemic circulatory homeostasis, is an established tool to assess cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). As BRS plays an important function in blood pressure regulation, reduced BRS leads to an increase in blood pressure variability, which further leads to reduced BRS. This sequence of events becomes a vicious cycle. The major risk factors for reduced BRS are T2DM and essential hypertension, but many other risk factors have been reported to influence BRS. In recent years, reports have indicated that glycemic variability (GV), such as short- and long-term GV that are considered important risk factors for macrovascular and microvascular complications, is involved in reductions in BRS independently of blood glucose levels. In this review, we discuss reduced BRS in T2DM, its features, and the potential for its reversal.