International Heart Journal
Online ISSN : 1349-3299
Print ISSN : 1349-2365
ISSN-L : 1349-2365
Case Reports
Case Report of Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy Characterized by Undulating Phenotypes in Adult Patients
Wataru MiyakeMayu MinemotoHiromasa HayamaMasaya YamamotoToru OkazakiKozue TakanoKotaro MoriAtsuko OkazakiReiko ArakawaHisao HaraFumihiko TakeuchiYukio HiroiNorihiro Kato
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2021 Volume 62 Issue 6 Pages 1420-1429


Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a heart muscle disorder morphologically characterized by reticulated trabeculations and intertrabecular recesses in the left ventricular (LV) cavity. LVNC is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous condition, which has been increasingly recognized with the accumulation of evidence provided by genotype-phenotype correlation analyses. Here, we report 2 sporadic adult cases of LVNC; both developed acute heart failure as an initial clinical manifestation and harbored causal sarcomere gene mutations. One case was a 57-year-old male with digenic heterozygote mutations, p.R1344Q in myosin heavy chain 7 (MYH7) and p.R144W in troponin T2, cardiac type (TNNT2), who showed morphological characteristics of LVNC in the lateral to apical regions of the LV together with a comorbidity of non-transmural myocardial infarction, resulting from a coronary artery stenosis. After the removal of ischemic insult and standard heart failure treatment, LVNC became less clear, and LV function gradually improved. The other case was a 36-year-old male with a heterozygote mutation, p.E334K in myosin binding protein C3 (MYBPC3), who exhibited cardiogenic shock on admission with morphological characteristics of LVNC being most prominent in the apical segment of the LV. The dosage of beta-blocker was deliberately increased in an outpatient clinic over 6 months following hospitalization, which remarkably improved the LV ejection fraction from 21% to 54.3%. Via a combination of imaging and histopathological and genetic tests, we have found that these cases are not compatible with a persistent phenotype of primary cardiomyopathy, but their morphological features are changeable in response to treatment. Thus, we point out phenotypic plasticity or undulation as a noticeable element of LVNC in this case report.

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© 2021 by the International Heart Journal Association
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