Article ID: 19-236
An 18-year-old male who had a past medical history of an intracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) operation was referred to our hospital for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Two types of SVTs were induced, and 3-dimensional (3D) maps were created using an ultra-high-density 3-dimensional mapping system (Rhythmia). The earliest atrial activation site (EAAS) of SVT1 was at the superior part of the conduit, and the EAAS of SVT2 was at the inferior part of the single atrium (SA). The SVTs were terminated by energy deliveries to the EAAS from the conduit in SVT1 and from inside the single atrium in SVT2. Detailed maps of the SVTs were important to understand the mechanisms of the SVTs. The Rhythmia system was useful for the detailed mapping of complex arrhythmias. The use of Rhythmia in patients after a TCPC is difficult, because puncturing the TCPC conduit and proceeding and manipulating the Orion catheter via a narrow puncture hole are difficult. We were the first to succeed in ablating two atrial tachycardias (ATs) originating from the inside and outside of the conduit after a TCPC operation by using an ultra-high-density 3-dimensional mapping system.