International Journal of Japan Association for Management Systems
Online ISSN : 2188-2460
Print ISSN : 1884-2089
ISSN-L : 1884-2089
Deriving Challenges through Clarification of Areas to Strengthen the HR System
Using A Matrix with the Three Axes of Target Employee, Life Cycle Stage, and HRM Policy Choices
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2019 Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 91-101


This study aims to derive challenges by reviewing the papers which refer to the relation among HRM Policy Choices, HR Outcomes, and Feedback Process to HRM Policy Choices from HR Outcomes for revealing areas that have been studied and those that have not. As a result, there was only one piece of research into the construction and operation of a HR System which combined the Harvard Model with Systems Engineering. Many papers verify HR Outcome, however, they used not HR Outcomes defined in Harvard Model but items set by themselves. In addition, most papers refer to only the verification of outcomes. There was a little paper suggesting such a process to give feedback to the HR system and to improve it. Therefore, we created a new matrix using the three axes of target employee, life cycle stage, and HRM Policy Choices. The novelty of this paper is to adopt the axis of Human Resource Choices instead of Human Resource Flow. The matrix reveals areas of research that have been studied and ones that have not. we discovered the methodological novelty that this paper has potential to identify issues and change HR system based on feedback process. In addition to helping existing organizations improve their HR systems, new companies may be able to shorten the lead time to build an appropriate HR system as they build new organizations. This paper will contribute to the management system because it finds areas to strengthen the HR System utilizing the result of deriving challenges by reviewing the above papers.

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© 2019 Japan Association for Management Systems
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