2020 Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 23-34
This article aims to present the advances on the elaboration of the Urban Expansion Planning Manual for Disaster and Risk Management, which is being elaborated by the Ministry of Cities and external consultants in the GIDES Project. The urbanization processes in Brazil incorporated the accentuated social inequality, leading to the occupation of environmentally fragile areas and the configuration of risk scenarios. Intensified and spontaneous urban growth, combined with extreme rainfall events resulted in major sediment disaster, which led the Brazilian government to rethink its disaster management policies. Because of such rethinking, the Federal Law 12.068/12 incorporates the planning of urban expansion as a prevention tool of natural disasters. The methodology that is being developed is structured in three scales of planning : the macrozoning, intermediate zoning and the Urban Expansion Project.