Volume 11 (2018) Issue 1 Pages 13-20
Based on the gas-liquid phase flow theory, an indirect method is proposed to on-line measure the effective bulk modulus by constructing the mathematical model which reveals the relationships of the effective bulk modulus, bubble volume fraction, pressure and natural frequency. The natural frequency of hydraulic fluid is a key parameter for measuring effective bulk modulus utilizing the model, so it is online measured by the proposed pseudo-excitation method. The frequency response function is obtained by solving the amplitude spectrum functions of pseudo-excitation signal and the response signal, and the natural frequency is obtained. The numerical simulation and experiment are carried out, and we can deduce from the analysis of simulation and experimental results that the effective bulk modulus in hydraulic system can be easily online measured by the proposed indirect method.