2018 Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages 273-282
In this paper, the influence of the continuous random variation of the flow velocity on hydrodynamic characteristics of airfoil 791 was discussed, and a robust design optimization method was proposed to reduce the influence of uncertain factors on the stability of hydrodynamic performance. Firstly, Bezier curve was used to parameterize the suction side of the airfoil, and its thickness was controlled by four points, which was then taken as the optimization variables. Secondly, the criterion of robustness was given, and then a robust mathematical model was established. Finally, two objective functions of robust optimization were gained on the basis of uncertainty analysis with surrogate model. Combined with multi-objective genetic algorithm, a robust optimal solution with better hydrodynamic characteristics was obtained. The results showed that compared with original case, the thickness near trailing edge altered more smoothly, the resistance and surface wave intensity were obviously decreased, and the maximum reduction of drag-lift ratio and wake unevenness were 6.89% and 25.04% respectively, which contributed to the improvement of wake quality. The change of surface pressure and resistance coefficients were also more stable under the variable inlet flow velocity conditions, and then the robustness was strengthened accordingly. In conclusion, the robust design optimization can obviously improve the hydrodynamic characteristics of the airfoil while reducing the sensitivity to uncertain factors, meanwhile, it can provide better stability during the operating process.
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