Industrial Health
Online ISSN : 1880-8026
Print ISSN : 0019-8366
Original Articles
An Operative Measure of Workplace Bullying: The Negative Acts Questionnaire Across Italian Companies
Gabriele GIORGIAlicia ARENASJose M. LEON-PEREZ
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Volume 49 (2011) Issue 6 Pages 686-695

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Abstract

Workplace bullying has been a topic of increasing interest since the 90s. Several studies have contributed to a better understanding of the antecedents and consequences of being exposed to negative acts at work during a prolonged period of time. However, there is a lack of validated instruments in Italian to map workplace bullying. Consequently, the goal of the present study is twofold. First, the authors aim to validate the Italian version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R: Einarsen and Hoel, 2001; Einarsen, et al., 2009). Second, the authors aim to establish the prevalence of workplace bullying. Results from 3,112 employees nested within 25 Italian organizations revealed that a reduced version of 17 items with a two-factor structure provided the best fit. Moreover, the prevalence of bullying was 15.2 per cent according to the criteria proposed by Mikkelsen and Einarsen (2001). Furthermore, significant correlations between bullying dimensions and organizational climate were found, which provided additional support for using the NAQ-Italian reduced version. Implications to prevent bullying and improve employees’ well-being using this method are discussed.

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© 2011 by National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
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