Industrial Health
Online ISSN : 1880-8026
Print ISSN : 0019-8366
Original Articles
Psychological detachment from work during non-work time: linear or curvilinear relations with mental health and work engagement?
Akihito SHIMAZUKo MATSUDAIRAJan DE JONGENaoya TOSAKAKazuhiro WATANABEMasaya TAKAHASHI
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2016 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 282-292

Details
Abstract

This study examined whether a higher level of psychological detachment during non-work time is associated with better employee mental health (Hypothesis 1), and examined whether psychological detachment has a curvilinear relation (inverted U-shaped pattern) with work engagement (Hypothesis 2). A large cross-sectional Internet survey was conducted among registered monitors of an Internet survey company in Japan. The questionnaire included scales for psychological detachment, employee mental health, and work engagement as well as for job characteristics and demographic variables as potential confounders. The hypothesized model was tested with moderated structural equation modeling techniques among 2,234 respondents working in the tertiary industries with regular employment. Results showed that psychological detachment had curvilinear relations with mental health as well as with work engagement. Mental health improved when psychological detachment increased from a low to higher levels but did not benefit any further from extremely high levels of psychological detachment. Work engagement showed the highest level at an intermediate level of detachment (inverted U-shaped pattern). Although high psychological detachment may enhance employee mental health, moderate levels of psychological detachment are most beneficial for his or her work engagement.

Information related to the author
© 2016 by National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
Previous article
feedback
Top