2020 Volume 58 Issue 2 Pages 153-160
Physicians and nurses in Taiwan have heavy workload and long working hours, which may contribute to plantar fasciitis. However, this issue is unclear, and therefore, we conducted this study to delineate it. We conducted a nationwide population-based study by identifying 26,024 physicians and 127,455 nurses and an identical number of subjects for comparison (general population) via the National Health Insurance Research Database. The risk of plantar fasciitis between 2006 and 2012 was compared between physicians and general population, between nurses and general population, and between physicians and nurses. We also compared the risk of plantar fasciitis among physician subgroups. Physicians and nurses had a period prevalence of plantar fasciitis of 8.14% and 13.11% during the 7-yr period, respectively. The risk of plantar fasciitis was lower among physicians (odds ratio [OR]: 0.660; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.622–0.699) but higher among nurses (OR: 1.035; 95% CI: 1.011–1.059) compared with that in the general population. Nurses also had a higher risk than the physicians after adjusting for age and sex (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.541; 95% CI: 1.399–1.701). Physician subspecialties of orthopedics and physical medicine and rehabilitation showed a higher risk. Female physicians had a higher risk of plantar fasciitis than male physicians. This study showed that nurses, physician specialties of orthopedics and physical medicine and rehabilitation, and female physicians had a higher risk of plantar fasciitis. Improvement of the occupational environment and health promotion are suggested for these populations.