2004 Volume 43 Issue 4 Pages 331-335
There are several case reports of systemic vasculitis associated with chronic suppurative lung diseases. We describe a 46-year-old female, previously diagnosed as having diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB), presenting with hemosputum and dyspnea. Her serum titer of MPO-ANCA was positive together with a high titer of BPI-ANCA. Chest X-ray and chest CT scan showed pulmonary hemorrhage, and the renal biopsy specimen revealed necrotizing, crescentic glomerulonephritis. She was diagnosed as having ANCA-associated vasculitis, and more specifically, microscopic polyangiitis accompanied by DPB. She was treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy, followed by intravenous cyclophosphamide. This case suggested a possible association with chronic bacterial infection, which may play a role in the pathogenesis of ANCA-associated vasculitis.