2017 Volume 56 Issue 16 Pages 2205-2211
TAFRO syndrome is a rare systemic inflammatory disease characterized by thrombocytopenia, pleural effusion, fever, renal dysfunction, reticulin fibrosis of the bone marrow, and organomegaly. The clinical course varies significantly among patients. However, the prognosis is usually dismal in patients with severe TAFRO syndrome, and no optimal treatment has yet been established. We herein describe the first case of TAFRO syndrome, which was successfully treated with combination therapy consisting of tocilizumab, prednisone, and cyclophosphamide.