Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
SARS-CoV-2 Infection among Medical Institution Faculty and Healthcare Workers in Tokyo, Japan
Tomoyasu NishimuraYoshifumi UwaminoShunsuke UnoShoko KashimuraToshikimi ShirakiToshinobu KurafujiMaasa MoritaMasayo NoguchiTatsuhiko AzegamiNobuko Yamada-GotoAyano Murai-TakedaHirokazu YokoyamaKazuyo KuwabaraSuzuka KatoMinako MatsumotoAya HirataMiho IidaSei HaradaTamami IshizakaKana MisawaMitsuru MurataHideyuki SayaMasayuki AmagaiYuko KitagawaTsutomu TakeuchiMasaaki MoriToru TakebayashiNaoki Hasegawathe Keio Donner Project Team
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

2021 Volume 60 Issue 16 Pages 2569-2575

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Abstract

Objective To consider effective measures against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in medical institutions, this study estimated the SARS-CoV-2 infection rate among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Tokyo, Japan, and determined the specific findings for mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases.

Methods This study analyzed the results of serologic tests to detect immunoglobulin G antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 and evaluated the demographic and clinical characteristics of the faculty and HCWs at a Tokyo medical institution in August 2020. The demographic and clinical characteristics of participants with antibody-positive results were compared to those of participants with antibody-negative results.

Materials This study recruited 2,341 faculty and HCWs at a Tokyo medical institution, 21 of whom had a COVID-19 history.

Results Of the 2,320 participants without a COVID-19 history, 20 (0.862%) had positive serologic test results. A fever and dysgeusia or dysosmia occurred with greater frequency among the participants with positive test results than in those with negative results [odds ratio (OR), 5.475; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.960-15.293 and OR, 24.158; 95% CI, 2.693-216.720, respectively]. No significant difference was observed in the positivity rate between HCWs providing medical care for COVID-19 patients using adequate protection and other HCWs (OR, 2.514; 95% CI, 0.959-6.588).

Conclusion To reduce the risk of COVID-19 spread in medical institutions, faculty and HCWs should follow standard and necessary transmission-based precautions, and those with a fever and dysgeusia or dysosmia should excuse themselves from work as soon as possible.

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© 2021 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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