Article ID: 1559-18
A diagnosis of hereditary angioedema is usually made with recurrent episodes of swelling of the subcutaneous tissue with a family history. We herein report a case in which recurrent acute abdomen was the main manifestation of hereditary angioedema. A 45-year-old womon presented with a 10-year history of recurrent severe abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography revealed remarkable submucosal edema of the ileum. A blood examination revealed grossly reduced complement C4 and CH50 with deficiency of C1-inhibitor. Genetic testing revealed a heterozygous nonsense mutation of the SERPING1 gene, and a diagnosis of hereditary angioedema was made. Hereditary angioedema should be listed as a differential diagnosis of recurrent acute abdomen.