Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
IgG4-related Disease: Recent Topics on Immunological Aspects of This Disorder and Their Application in New Treatment Strategies
Mitsuhiro Kawano
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 3154-23


IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic and chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect every part of the body. The formation of tertiary lymphoid tissues (TLT) in the affected organs may be a key phenomenon in understanding the pathogenesis of this disease because T follicular helper (Tfh) 2 cells play an important role in IgG4 class switching within TLT in the affected organs or tissues. TLT formation leads to the formation of masses or swelling of the affected organs. Interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 are critical cytokines for IgG4-class switching and are produced in TLT. Other factors, such as CD4-positive (CD4+) cytotoxic T cells, M2 macrophages, and LAG3+ Tfh cells, have been identified as disease-specific contributors to lesion formation. In this review, I describe the current knowledge necessary to understand the pathogenesis of this disease and recent developments in treatment strategies beyond B-cell depletion therapy.

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© 2024 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine

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