2022 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 58-62
An 81-year-old man with previously diagnosed cancer of the pancreatic body presented with melena and anemia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed gastric varices with bleeding in the entire stomach. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography identified a splenic vein occlusion resulting from invasion by the pancreatic body cancer and dilated collateral pathways from the splenic hilum to the gastric fundus. The patient was diagnosed with gastric varices associated with left-sided portal hypertension caused by obstruction of the splenic vein and underwent percutaneous transsplenic embolization with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate mixed with lipiodol. Splenic subcapsular hematoma occurred and was treated conservatively. The patient died of advanced cancer 5 months after the procedure, without experiencing rebleeding. Percutaneous transsplenic embolization was effective in treating gastric variceal bleeding caused by left-sided portal hypertension.