Interventional Radiology
Online ISSN : 2432-0935
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Showing 1-9 articles out of 9 articles from the selected issue
Review
  • Toshihiro Iguchi, Yusuke Matsui, Koji Tomita, Mayu Uka, Toshiyuki Koma ...
    Type: Review
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 69-74
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    [Advance publication] Released: April 15, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Small renal tumors are sometimes challenging to diagnose accurately through imaging alone, and image-guided biopsies are performed when histological diagnoses are needed. Although ultrasound guidance is usually chosen for renal tumor biopsies, computed tomography guidance is preferred for selected cases; e.g., obese patients or when the target is undetectable by ultrasound (as those in the upper pole). In the 14 recently published studies covering ≥50 procedures, computed tomography-guided renal tumor biopsies had a wide range diagnostic yield (67.4%-97.4%). Complications often occurred; however, most were minor and asymptomatic. No biopsy-related deaths and tumor seeding occurred. This study aimed to review the advantages and disadvantages, procedure techniques, diagnostic yields, and complications of core needle biopsies for renal tumors under computed tomography guidance.

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  • Takaaki Hasegawa, Shohei Chatani, Yozo Sato, Shinichi Murata, Hidekazu ...
    Type: Review
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 75-82
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    [Advance publication] Released: April 15, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    With recent advances in imaging technology, the frequency of detecting musculoskeletal lesions has also increased. Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy is occasionally required for the diagnosis of such lesions. Moreover, in the era of personalized cancer care, chances in histopathological diagnosis and the importance of histopathological diagnosis by percutaneous needle biopsy are increasing. However, as percutaneous needle biopsy is not a common procedure for musculoskeletal lesions, careful planning and the application of adequate techniques such as hydrodissection and the trans-osseous approach are occasionally required. In this review, we have summarized the indications and techniques for percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy for musculoskeletal lesions, including lymphatic lesions.

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  • Kazuhiko Nakamura, Kensuke Matsumoto, Chie Inoue, Eiji Matsusue, Shiny ...
    Type: Review
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 83-92
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Computed tomography-guided lung biopsy is a well-established method for the histological diagnosis of pulmonary lesions. There is abundant literature regarding the diagnostic yield of and complications associated with computed tomography-guided lung biopsy. Many studies have investigated the risk factors influencing pneumothorax. Conversely, there are a limited number of reports detailing techniques for reducing the incidence of pneumothorax or other complications. This study reviews the indications, diagnostic accuracy, and complications of computed tomography-guided lung biopsy. In addition, techniques for reducing the incidence of these complications were reviewed.

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Original Research
  • Masashi Tamura, Seishi Nakatsuka, Hideyuki Torikai, Manabu Misu, Jitsu ...
    Type: Original Research
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 93-101
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Purpose: To reveal the effect of drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization and Lipiodol transarterial chemoembolization on portal perfusion, and to identify factors predisposing portal vein damage after transarterial chemoembolization, based on evaluation by computed tomography during arterial portography.

    Material and Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis included 49 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent transarterial chemoembolization and preprocedural/follow-up computed tomography during arterial portography between October 2013 and April 2015. The preprocedural and follow-up computed tomography during arterial portography were compared to identify the following new changes suggestive of portal vein damage in the follow-up computed tomography during arterial portography: small perfusion defects, large perfusion defects, and narrowing/disappearance or portal vein obstruction. The frequency of portal vein damage after drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization and Lipiodol transarterial chemoembolization was calculated, and relationships between portal vein damage and clinical variables were analyzed. Finally, a multivariate logistic regression analysis with adjustments for potentially confounding factors was performed to identify factors predisposing portal vein damage.

    Results: The analysis included 24 patients who underwent drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization and 25 who underwent Lipiodol transarterial chemoembolization. Emergence of small perfusion defects and narrowing/disappearance or obstruction of portal vein were observed at a significantly higher frequency following drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization than following Lipiodol transarterial chemoembolization (70.8% [17/24] vs. 20% [5/25]; p < 0.001; 41.7% [10/24] vs. 12% [3/25]; p = 0.019). Drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization and selectivity of transarterial chemoembolization (selective [<subsegmental], segmental or lobar) were significantly associated with portal vein damage (p < 0.001 and p = 0.016, respectively). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis identified drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization as a significant independent predictor of portal vein damage (odds ratio: 34.95; 95% confidence interval: 1.137-1073.99; p = 0.042).

    Conclusions: Portal vein damage occurred at a significantly higher frequency following drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization than following Lipiodol transarterial chemoembolization, and drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization was an independent predictor of portal vein damage after transarterial chemoembolization.

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  • Masahiro Kurozumi, Yutaka Takumi, Takeshi Uehara, Takeshi Suzuki, Ayum ...
    Type: Original Research
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 102-107
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of preoperative arterial embolization of organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus.

    Material and Methods: Seven patients who were pathologically diagnosed with an organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus and who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery following preoperative arterial embolization for the same from July 2013 to April 2020 at our hospital were included. A literature review of the PubMed database was performed to identify 13 cases on organized hematomas of the maxillary sinuses. The embolization and nonembolization groups comprised patients who underwent preoperative embolization (n = 10, seven from this study and three from literature) and those who did not undergo preoperative embolization (n = 10, from literature), respectively. Outcomes of embolization including embolization-related complications and postoperative bleeding were assessed, and volumes of intraoperative blood loss and duration of surgery were compared between the groups.

    Results: No preoperative embolization-related complications were observed in our cases. The volume of surgical blood loss in the seven cases varied from 0 to 100 mL with a median of 30 mL, and the duration of surgery ranged from 45 to 166 minutes with a median of 112 minutes. The volume of blood loss was significantly lower for the embolization group than that for the nonembolization group (p = 0.0031). There was no statistically significant difference regarding duration of surgery between the groups (p > 0.10).

    Conclusions: Preoperative embolization of an organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus is a safe and effective method that helps prevent serious intraoperative hemorrhage.

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Case Report
  • Taiki Moriyama, Hiroshi Kodama, Junichi Taniguchi, Naoya Kinota, Mitsu ...
    Type: Case Report
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 108-111
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    We describe the case of a 48-year-old woman who presented with traumatic rupture of a giant leiomyoma and massive hemoperitoneum caused by slipping and falling in the bathroom. She was in shock on arrival, and resuscitation was performed. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed massive intra-abdominal hematoma and extravasation from the subserous leiomyoma. Uterine artery embolization was performed, but she went into shock again after 6 h. The second contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed persistence of extravasation. During 2nd UAE, an angiogram revealed extravasation originating from left round ligament artery. After the embolization of the left round ligament and bilateral uterine arteries, the patient recovered from shock. Total abdominal hysterectomy was performed on day 2 of admission to prevent re-bleeding and infection, then she discharged on day 19 of admission.

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Technical Note
  • Shingo Hamaguchi, Shinji Wada, Yukihisa Ogawa, Kazuki Hashimoto, Hidef ...
    Type: Technical Note
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 112-116
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Purpose: Percutaneous intervertebral disc puncture is useful in various situations. The isocenter puncture method enables easy, accurate, and safe punctures under fluoroscopic guidance. Herein, we present a clinical application of this technique that improves upon percutaneous puncture of intervertebral discs.

    Material and Methods: We performed percutaneous punctures of intervertebral discs slightly lateral to the superior articular process using the isocenter puncture method in 19 cases (10 men, 9 women; mean age, 64.5 years; range, 23-87 years). We assessed the technical success rate, procedure time, and complications.

    Results: We achieved successful punctures in all cases, with a median puncture time of 14.5 min (mean, 18.7 ± 11.3 min; range, 8-49 min). No patients complained of complications that were permanent or required treatment.

    Conclusions: Improved puncture of intervertebral discs seems to be possible using the isocenter puncture method.

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  • Mizuki Ozawa, Masayoshi Yamamoto, Kentaro Yamada, Toshimasa Sugawara, ...
    Type: Technical Note
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 117-121
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Purpose: Intranodal embolization using n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue is an emerging treatment option for persistent lymphatic leakage. This report describes the procedure details of intranodal embolization for groin lymphocele and evaluates the efficacy of intranodal embolization at our institution via retrospective chart review.

    Material and Methods: Nine consecutive patients (six men and three women; median age, 77.4 years; range, 43-95 years) who underwent intranodal embolization for groin lymphocele between January 2017 and December 2019 were included as study subjects. Intranodal lymphangiography with iodinated contrast was performed to confirm lymphatic leakage, followed by intranodal embolization using n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue mixed with iodized oil for all nine patients. The etiologies of lymphocele, technical and clinical success rates of intranodal embolization, duration of treatment, follow-up period, and acute and chronic complications were retrospectively investigated.

    Results: The etiologies of groin lymphoceles were the cutdown access of inguinal vessels (n = 7), lymph node biopsy (n = 1), and trauma (n = 1). The technical and clinical success rates of both lymphangiography and subsequent intranodal embolization were 100%. For intranodal embolization, 16.7%-33.3% n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue was used. The median duration of treatment was 2 days (range, 1-13 days). The follow-up period lasted 0-895 days (median, 9 days). No acute or chronic complications were observed.

    Conclusions: In this study, intranodal embolization showed promising results for groin lymphocele with a short duration of treatment with a median of 2 days. Intranodal embolization using n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue could be a treatment option for persistent groin lymphocele. However, further research is warranted to further evaluate the efficacy of intranodal embolization.

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Pictorial Essay
  • Shiro Miyayama, Masashi Yamashiro, Rie Ikeda, Junichi Matsumoto, Nobuh ...
    Type: Pictorial Essay
    2021 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 122-129
    Published: November 01, 2021
    Released: November 01, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    A fibrin glue kit consists of separate solutions of fibrinogen and thrombin that instantly coagulate when mixed together and can be used as an embolic agent and tissue adhesive in several interventional procedures, such as the closure of enterocutaneous, postoperative pancreatic, and bronchopulmonary fistulas, embosclerosis of biloma, and portal vein embolization. Separate and simultaneous injections of fibrinogen and thrombin solutions at the target site are necessary; therefore, insertion of two catheters or a balloon catheter with multiple lumen is required. The combined use of metallic coils is also effective for a large fistula as the coils can provide a matrix for retaining the fibrin glue, in addition to partially occluding the fistulous tract. Mixing contrast medium or iodized oil with a thrombin solution is also key to achieving radiopacity.

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