Interventional Radiology
Online ISSN : 2432-0935
Transarterial Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Invading the Bile Duct
Shiro Miyayama
Author information
Supplementary material

2024 Volume 9 Issue 1 Pages 1-12


Hepatocellular carcinoma invading the bile duct (bile duct tumor thrombus) is an unfavorable condition. Although overall survival following surgical resection among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma with bile duct tumor thrombus is significantly better than that among those treated with transarterial chemoembolization or chemotherapy, surgical resection can be indicated for selected patients. Additionally, systemic therapy is indicated only for patients with Child-Pugh class A. Therefore, transarterial therapy plays an essential role in the treatment of bile duct tumor thrombus. Transarterial chemoembolization with iodized oil and gelatin sponge particles is an established first-line transarterial treatment that can necrotize most bile duct tumor thrombi. However, we should pay attention to symptoms caused by intraductal hemorrhage during transarterial chemoembolization and the sloughing of necrotized bile duct tumor thrombi.

Fullsize Image
Content from these authors
© 2024 Japanese Society of Interventional Radiology
Next article