2013 Volume 5 Pages 50-54
In image retrieval applications, the Fisher vector of the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) with a diagonal-covariance structure is known as a powerful tool to describe an image by aggregating local descriptors extracted from the image. In this paper, we propose the Fisher vector of the GMM with a full-covariance structure. The closed-form approximation of the GMM with a full-covariance structure is derived. Our observation is that the Fisher vector of a higher dimensional GMM yields higher image retrieval performance. The Fisher vector for the GMM with a block-diagonal-covariance structure is also introduced to provide moderate dimensionality for the GMM. Experimental comparisons performed using two major datasets demonstrate that the proposed Fisher vector outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms.