2014 Volume 2 Issue 4 Pages 68-80
The purpose of this study is to identify the Buginese-Makassarese culture which is increasingly present in the settlements along the coastal area of Makassar. This study is meant to sharpen the standards and references of the coastal city’s planning which will become more effective if the stakeholder paradigm of the local knowledge about appropriate modern science and technology development dynamics, technology and art, is built as the basis of thinking, decision making, and attitude toward planning and utilization in a coastal city. This study is useful for developing a model of coastal city planning with integrity based on the construction of culture and development of science, technology and art. This study explores local knowledge of the Buginese-Makassarese culture which emerged and developed in the past, also the social-cultural condition which is growing in the residence area along the coast of Makassar city. The method which is used is a triangle analysis, a method which analyzes the literature, in-depth interviews with community leaders, and observations of the socio-cultural and physical morphology in the research area. From this study, it was found that the Buginese-Makassarese community have local knowledge based on culture, cosmology, and philosophy which have been understood since long ago. Implementations of the cultural values that still exist in Makassar city have been able to influence the rules of the region which is more macro. Some of the culture values of the Buginese-Makassarese community are identified and applied in Makassar city’s form, especially: the road pattern, the building shape, and the building orientation.