International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development
Online ISSN : 2187-3666
ISSN-L : 2187-3666
Current issue
Displaying 1-13 of 13 articles from this issue
Planning Strategies and Design Concepts
  • Insights from the RURITAGE Project SIAs
    Dong-yoon Yi, Yong-hoon Son
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 1-15
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    New ruralism presents a new spatial planning principle based on the future. It is oriented as a more advanced concept of ruralism in four practical features. These four features are ‘Conservation’, ‘Cultivation’, ‘Community’, and ‘Creativity’. The purpose of this study is to specify the relatively less studied concept of Creativity among the four characteristics of the New Ruralism concept through a qualitative content analysis. In this context, the EU’s RURITAGE Project, which was conducted to continuously revitalize rural areas based on Cultural and Natural Heritage sites, can provide a solid example to make a case study for ‘Creativity’ in rural areas. This study aims to explain the explicit features in a ‘Creativity’ concept from RURITAGE Project SIAs (Systemic Innovation Areas), a creative concept of the RURITAGE Project aimed at rural regeneration based on heritage, and to see how each of the six SIAs are applied to each other. These six SIAs area are Pilgrimage, Sustainable Local Food Production, Migration, Art and Festivals, Resilience, and Integrated Landscape Management. Based on the report published by the RURITAGE Project team, relevant literature sources such as reports, news articles, and blogs were collected on Role Models (Role Model projects) of RURITAGE SIAs. To explore the concept of Creativity in rural areas, 135 related texts were analysed through a qualitative contents analysis targeting 13 role models of SIAs in the RURITAGE project in the EU. The study found that 456 sub-concepts were derived. These 456 sub-concepts were classified into 19 conceptual nodes, which were organized into concepts corresponding to the New Ruralism 4Cs. In conclusion, this study defined how the six SIAs of the RURITAGE are composed, how they work interactively, and how to define the Creativity-related concepts in SIAs and 19 conceptual nodes. In the results, Creativity is described as an important factor in solving social problems. In New Ruralism, ‘Creativity’ can be defined as the ability to create new things that did not previously exist in rural areas as well as activities that lead to new solutions to challenges that current rural areas are experiencing.

  • A Case Study of Bangalore City, India
    Mamatha P Raj, Dakshayini R Patil
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 16-35
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    This research explores the concept of sound as a determinant for planning and designing liveable neighborhoods based on an understanding of noise pollution. The paper broadly begins with an interest in sustainable designs of urban residential neighborhoods globally and specifically in typical cities of India and the Asian subcontinent. The UN SDG 11 mentions, 'make cities & human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.' While the most evident sustainability parameters are known, one of the commonly understated criteria is noise pollution. Hearing is one of the five fundamental senses; hence, safer sound levels should be one of the primary factors in designing healthy cities. Literature understandings are derived from soundscape theories of Schafer & Truax, who extended the concept of acoustics from architecture to an urban scale; inferences are drawn from legislations and co-related with current scenarios investigated by way of primary surveys in the fast-growing city of Bangalore, India. The study proposes a methodological triangulation with three aspects of primary data collection: field surveys for street-level acoustics (using sound meters/smartphone Apps), Interview surveys (in-person), and Questionnaire surveys (online). Results revealed a sharp difference between the norms' acoustical thresholds and the audited survey scores. Upon analytical deductions, the study concludes with a strategic framework for an integrated approach to achieve ‘urban acoustical resilience’ that responds to spatial patterns. This framework suggests strategies under two broad aspects of design guidelines and a regulatory mechanism to achieve globally acoustical-compliant sustainable neighborhoods.

  • The Sampesuvu-Roa Value in Kaili Ledo, Indonesia
    Irdinal Arief, T. Yoyok Wahyu Subroto, Syam Rachma Marcillia
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 36-57
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    It is known that kinship in indigenous communities is very close to various tribes and sub-tribes in Indonesia, including the Kaili tribe, which has many sub-tribes. The Kaili Ledo tribe is one of the largest Kaili sub-tribes spread across Central Sulawesi, especially Palu City, the capital of Central Sulawesi Province. The Kaili Ledo community has values inherent in their traditional community because they have strong bonds of brotherhood. This phenomenon occurred after the liquefaction disaster in the Palu valley in the Petobo area. The initial observation found that houses were close to each other between siblings, cousins, mothers, fathers, and other relatives because the kinship system within the clan had expanded due to marriage. Sampesuvu-Roa, in the Kaili Ledo language, is interpreted as brother and cousin. This is the value of brotherhood between the Kaili Ledo community, as a community bond that lives homogeneously, starting from the Raranggonau settlement as the origin of Kaili Ledo until it spreads to the Palu Valley. This research explores the value of Sampesuvu-Roa as a value of brotherhood because it can regulate the use of space together in an agreement in the Raranggonau settlement. As a result, this research found that the influence of Sampesuvu-Roa can determine shared space and the use of other vernacular spaces in the Raranggonau settlement.

  • PROMETHEE Approach
    Pitri Yandri, Hadi Supratikta, Ray Septianis Kartika, Rosidah, Josep ...
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 58-77
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    The rapid urbanization of developing countries has led to an increasing demand for housing to develop small and medium-scale residential areas in suburban areas. However, this has resulted in negative impacts on the environment and society. Sustainable development principles are necessary to address this issue, but achieving sustainability in residential areas is a complex task that requires an integrated approach encompassing economic, social, and environmental aspects. This study proposes a novel approach for formulating and determining sustainability strategies for residential areas in Tangerang Selatan Municipality, a suburb in Metropolitan Jakarta. The findings indicate that the proposed approach identifies new aspects of suburban sustainability, including technology, infrastructure, and governance. The research provides valuable insights for policymakers in Indonesia's suburbs to design sustainable residential area (SRA) strategies that are compatible with the local context, with the potential to mitigate the negative impacts of rapid urbanization. Furthermore, the approach of this study provides a new method for scholars abroad to study SRA.

Planning Analysis and Simulation
  • Jingyi Zhan, Ming Li
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 78-94
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    The Xicang Bazaar plays a crucial role in the everyday lives of the residents of Xi’an and acts as a major center for cultural and social events. As vendors set up informal activities in public spaces, there is frequent disarray in the bazaar. This study examines the relationship between disorder in Xicang Bazaar and its adjacent streets based on a concise overview of the distinctive features of the bazaar and its challenges. The study employed Ospider to analyze the discrepancies in business structures between Xicang and neighboring regions and Depthmap to analyze the spatial integration of the road network. The examination of the accessibility and centrality of different roadways revealed differences between the northern and southern areas of Xicang. Finally, this study utilized the D/H ratio of roads to assess the cross-sectional layouts of the sample roadways. These findings indicate that congestion plays a significant role in restricting urban development in the Xicang region. The substantial disparities between the northern and southern portions of the area are principally attributable to the coexistence of Hui and Han ethnic groups in the Xicang region. This study also highlights the development of a bazaar through a bottom-up mechanism as a space characterized by “informality.” Hence, this study is critical as a reference for revitalization and restoration measures for metropolitan areas.

  • Evidence from Harbin, China
    Shuqi Li, Yang Ye, Haoyu Chen, Yuhan Yang, Yi Huang, Zihao Wu
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 95-117
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    In the context of urban public spaces, which tend to be shrunk and humanistic, micro urban spaces (MUSs) might offer residents additional opportunities for public activities to occur because of their small scale, discrete distribution, and frequent interaction. Cold cities have severe climatic restrictions; thus, as the seasons change, MUSs in cold regions are more significant than medium- and large-scale public spaces. To investigate how MUSs in cold regions contribute to enhancing urban vitality during transition seasons, a system of indicators was developed for the measurement of the intensity of public activities and the environmental elements of MUSs in cold regions. Then, a typical cold city, namely Harbin, China, was selected for research, and 93 samples of independent and dependent MUSs were chosen for investigation. Based on the results of behavior mapping, multiple regression analysis was used to investigate the relationships between the vitality of various types of urban MUSs in cold cities and their environmental elements. The results show that function, greenery, and public facilities are three categories of environmental factors that significantly affect the vitality of urban MUSs, with greenery and function having stronger relationships with independent and dependent MUSs, respectively. Finally, according to the results, design and optimization suggestions for different types of MUSs in cold regions are put forward.

  • Case Study in 4 (four) supporting urban areas of Nusantara New Capital City (IKN Nusantara), Indonesia
    Mega Ulimaz, Muhammad Ma’arij Harfadli, Elin Diyah Syafitri
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 118-138
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    Urban areas directly adjacent to the Nusantara New Capital City of Indonesia (IKN Nusantara) have a major role in supporting and transforming the tertiary needs of new residents. The four buffer areas have different functions and attractions; thus, it is necessary to identify the existence of branding. The objective of this study is to identify the branding positioning and its impact in four peripheral urban areas of Nusantara (BKSP). This study aims to evaluate city branding in BKSP urban area by analyzing the city branding object density and the perception of people as branding agents. The analysis is performed using TOPSIS and kernel density estimation techniques, as previous city branding studies have focused on design ideas. The current central government space and ongoing operations remain the primary focus of the branding strategy, which aims to concentrate the density of branding objects in the four zones. As the access road to IKN Nusantara approaches, Balikpapan, as the nearest commercial and industrial city, is increasingly showing a proliferation of city branding objects in all directions to an unprecedented extent. Residing in urban areas, less than five percent of the population experiences a positive impact on their senses, thinking abilities, and emotions. The difference in the spatial pattern of city branding objects with the spatial plan in each supporting city, as well as the low impression of residents, require local governments to consider this dynamic change. Future studies can compare the experiences of new residents who are affected by the existence of supporting cities.

Planning and Design Implementation
  • Petrus Natalivan Indradjati
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 139-160
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    The relationship between urban form and transportation mode choice is complex. Moreover, studies have reported inconsistent results, including on the correlation between urban form and walking choice. This research explores this correlation in the medium-sized and small cities of Bandung and Yogyakarta, Indonesia, respectively. In this study, activity-based daily trip behavioural data were employed, and the respondents were selected using stratified random sampling based on the walkability of the environment and the distance to the city centre. Further, logistic regression analysis and the chi-square test were used to identify the correlation between urban form and walking choice. The results reveal that urban form has a significant effect on the decision to walk, particularly in relation to transit trips, the distance to the city centre, and pedestrian-friendly environments. However, the decision to walk is also affected by socio-economic factors. In addition, specific factors, such as gender and vehicle ownership, have different effects compared to those reported in previous studies.

  • Alsharifa Hind Mohammad, Taleb Odeh
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 161-175
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    Geospatial analysis of land use and land cover (LULC) changes is crucial for understanding the dynamics of urban development and its impacts on the environment. This study presents an integrated approach utilizing Re-mote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to detect and analyze LULC changes over the past 40 years in the Amman Zarqa Basin in Jordan. The study employed satellite imagery from multiple sensors, including Landsat and Sentinel, covering a span of four decades (1980-2020). LULC classifications were performed using supervised and unsupervised classification methods, considering a range of LULC categories relevant to the study area. The results revealed significant LULC changes in the Basin over the study period. Urban expansion was found to be the dominant driver of land transformation, leading to the conversion of agricultural land, soil, and open spaces into built-up areas. The urban growth rate exhibited an accelerating trend, particularly during the past two decades, reflecting rapid population growth and urbanization in the region. Ground truthing technique was used to validate the results using 200 points distributed over the basin, the confusion matrix ranges from 79 to 85%, which reveals high accuracy. This research serves as a foundation for future studies on urban growth, land management, and environmental impact assessments, supporting sustainable development in the Amman Zarqa Basin and similar regions facing rapid urbanization.

  • A case study of Temanggung urban area
    Hendra Sumaryana, Imam Buchori, Anang Wahyu Sejati
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 176-199
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    Proper Green Infrastructure (GI) management is one method for mitigating heat waves as a results of global warming phenomenon. Several cities have implemented GI management strategies in anticipation of the heat waves occurance. However, most cities have not followed up with efficient GI management. This study investigates the regeneration of successful GI governance by redesigning forms of stakeholder participation by looking at the values of local wisdom in society. This study yielded 235 respondents with a margin of error of 6.5%. The findings were then analyzed using descriptive statistics and interviews with key persons to strengthen the findings. The GI governance movement was renewed by the adoption of the Rowali model, an environmental movement that planted, cared for, and protected trees while sustaining religious and historical traditions as well as social and cultural values as a value to speak with nature. Here, this finding shows that a small income will not affect direct involvement in the management of GI. The successful factor of the Rowali model is the movement is based on historical values, spiritual values and sociocultural values with clear vision on the program and support by the collaboration of public and private sector. The Rowali model encourages more tree care and maintenance than the planting movement, which has received more attention in prior study investigations. This Rowali model supports the finding that the local government should begin delegating greater authority to the community to manage GI. These findings are expected to add to the current body of knowledge regarding GI governance and can be utilized by urban planners, local governments, and urban observers to promote an effective GI governance movement.

Planning Assessment
  • A case study of Chiang Mai Old City, Thailand
    Chiranthanin Kitika, Sant Suwatcharapinun
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 200-217
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    An idea of Smart City conceptually requires elevating the quality of life. Smart City operates not only at the city scale widely and holistically but also focuses on the community scale. Following the Thailand National Strategy 2018-2037, the Smart City presently runs by the government and internet provider services via top-down development. By far the shape of Chiang Mai city is sprawling due to uncertain development plans. Government serves as the only centralized infrastructure without understanding and elevating the existing social and community learning. Presently, new people and businesses happens on new kinds of convergence activities such as service apartments for expat and co-working spaces for digital nomads. Providing high speed internet service is not the only key for city development, but a Smart City must also be collaboratively planned by learning about smart lifestyle and way of living. Presently no community-led transition with conceptual framework and stakeholders for collaborative Smart City development. This research aims to understand the relations of internet infrastructure and digital disruption activity in the city towards creating the understanding of Smart City, specifically in a case of Chaing Mai city. The methodology discerns how the people in Chiang Mai encounter in the city and live with smart activities through analyzing maps of relations from on-site surveyed mapping and data-visualized mapping. Research tools consist of a combination between interviews and surveys for plotting social activities on maps, and online data platforms which visualizes data on maps such as Google API, Nperf and Opensignal application. The research outcome is to analyze and redefine Smart City under 2 categories; firstly, “Smart community,” which is the network of people which connects with convergence lifestyle and, secondly “Smart district” or a potential area which appears with the access to high-speed internet and social participations.

  • Case of Pontianak City, Indonesia
    Mohamad Ahlis Djirimu, Edhi Taqwa, Abdul Syawal, Andi Darmawati Tombol ...
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 218-237
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    This study aims to identify key sectors suitable for development to promote economic growth and to assess economic growth pattern of Donggala Regency. This study aims also to determine the primary sectors that should be accorded development priority in Donggala Regency. Data was collected through documentation and questionnaire methods, which were subsequently analyzed using Location Quotient (LQ), Klassen Typology, and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The LQ analysis showed the presence of six basic sectors in Donggala Regency. Furthermore, the Klassen Typology identified quadrant I which included mining and quarrying, as well as government administration, defense, and social security sectors as mandatory. Results further showed that quadrant II comprised the agricultural, forestry, fisheries, construction, wholesale and retail trade, along with car and motorcycle repair sectors. Additionally, the AHP results showed mining and quarrying as priority sectors within Donggala Regency.

  • Case of Pontianak City, Indonesia
    Yulida Safitri, Ariyaningsih, Rajib Shaw
    2024 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 238-257
    Published: July 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: July 15, 2024
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    The repercussions of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have expanded far beyond public health crisis, affecting the solid waste management system. The countermeasures to curb virus transmission have caused a major shift in waste generation pattern and composition. As a response, governments and international entities around the world – including Indonesia – establish a set of guidelines on solid waste that ensure safety for all while upholding the principle of a circular economy of waste through reducing, reusing, and recycling. This study aims to understand stakeholders’ involvement in household solid waste management (HSWM) in Pontianak City during the COVID-19 pandemic. A social network analysis was employed to pinpoint the stakeholders, their roles, characteristics, knowledge, and interactions in a case study area of Pontianak, Indonesia. The findings reveal that social network analysis conducted in this study highlights the interaction dynamic among the stakeholders. The Environmental Agency of Pontianak municipality is the central stakeholder in all centrality measurements. Meanwhile, the informal private sectors were constantly identified as the least central stakeholders within the household solid waste management network. Furthermore, the findings highlighted that stakeholder tend to interact with others within the same stakeholder group, representing the dysconnectivity of the network.

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