2013 Volume 53 Issue 10 Pages 1763-1769
Many reactions such as the reduction of iron oxide, gasification of carbon, and so on occur simultaneously during heating of the iron oxide–carbon composites which attract attention as “microreactors”. Solid carbon and CO gas react with iron oxide via direct and indirect reductions, respectively. The rate of indirect reduction has been studied extensively. On the other hand, there are very few reports on the quantitative analysis on the direct reduction due to analytical difficulties, although it is important to understand the total reduction mechanism in detail. In this study, the contribution of the direct reduction by solid carbon in the composite while heating at a constant rate under inert gas flow was quantitatively evaluated.
The direct reduction from Fe2O3 to Fe3O4 proceeds at a low temperature during heating of the Fe2O3–graphite composite. When the reduction from Fe2O3 to Fe3O4 completes below 1000°C, the contribution ratio of the direct reduction in the total reduction is approximately 45%. However, there is no effect of the particle size of the raw materials on the contribution ratio. Further, the contribution ratio of the direct reduction for the reduction from Fe3O4 to FeO is small.