2013 Volume 53 Issue 11 Pages 1983-1992
Modern tundishes plays an important role of refining treatments to improve the quality and purity of casted steel. Purity of steel is defined by the non-metallic inclusions in the steel product, including their size, quantity, distribution, chemical composition and mineralogy. The aim of presented studies was to investigate the number and distribution of non-metallic inclusion in individual billets casted in a six-strand tundish. The industrial measurements, performed during stable production conditions at the continuous steel casting (CSC) plant, were performed for different tundish working space configurations. Analysis of the size and number of non-metallic inclusions has been done on the metallographic samples using light microscope. Experimental studies were supported with numerical simulations using large eddy simulations (LES) method. A modified boundary condition describing inclusion separation at the liquid steel surface was implemented in commercial code AnsysFluent.
Experimental results concern size distribution of inclusions in billets for current tundish configuration showed big differences between casted ingots. Numerical results shown the domination in the number of inclusions occurring in the nozzles number 3 and 4 (for basic tundish configuration) and in the nozzles number 2 and 5 (for tundish with turbulence inhibitor). The reason for that is the change in configuration tundish working space, that has an impact on the flow field inside the tundish. Experimental measurements performed for proposed modified tundish configuration (with turbulence inhibitor) shown that those differences are much smaller, which in consequence has an influence in higher quality of continuously casted ingots for individual strand of CSC.