2013 Volume 53 Issue 12 Pages 2090-2098
In-situ observations of the liquid high carbon iron (HCI) and slag flows in coke bed was carried out by using high temperature X-ray fluoroscopy at 1773 K. Along with the observation, 2-dimensional multiphase computational simulations of the liquid HCI and slag flows in the coke bed was carried out to investigate the effect of the slag on the HCI flow in the coke bed. The liquid HCI cannot pass through the coke bed with the coke diameter of 3–5 mm, however, the HCI can pass through the same size coke bed if the HCI comes into contact with the slag in the coke bed. When the HCI and slag contact each other on the coke surface, the contact angle of the HCI with slag decreases and its wettability increases. On the other hand, the slag’s contact angle increases and it changes to non-wettable phase. Based on the experimental and simulation results, it is confirmed that the contact angle change due to the HCI-slag contact makes them pass though the narrow coke slit which is small enough to prevent both of the liquid phases from flowing down if they do not contact each other. Based on the capillary rise model, the driving force of the HCI penetration into the coke bed will be the energy reduction by extending area of the coke surface covered with the liquid HCI.