2014 Volume 54 Issue 11 Pages 2618-2622
Measurement of the pig iron and slag level in the blast furnace is essential to operate the furnace stably because an increase of these liquids level can cause fluctuations of the pressure in the furnace or the temperature of the furnace which are related to the furnace condition and may finally result in reduced productivity or serious trouble.
The conventional method is the EMF (electromotive force) measurement correlated with the liquid level. It can be thought that a voltage generated electrochemically (as in a battery) by the reduction reaction of iron oxides. However some reports said that EMF sometimes loses correlation with the liquid level because of thermal influence.
In this paper a new method is proposed using a quite small electrical resistance measurement of the hearth of a blast furnace which contains pig iron and molten slag. Accordingly the four point contact method was adopted and a pseudo random signal as a current pattern was fed to improve the S/N ratio.
Measurements were done at plural positions along the circumference of the blast furnace. However when the current signal is independently fed at each position, spike noises are generated. These noises are originated in the induced voltage which is generated at neighbor positions when the polarity of the current changes. But finally this noise problem can be solved by feeding synchronized current and measuring the signal on the noiseless timing.
The measurement results indicated that the level in the hearth is not necessary identical at all positions.