ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
Regular Article
Partial Equilibrium Prediction of Solidification and Carbide Precipitation in Ti-added High Cr Cast Irons
Hongwei ZhangQiang LiuHiroyuki ShibataQiang WangPär JönssonJicheng HeKeiji Nakajima
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2014 Volume 54 Issue 2 Pages 374-383


Carbide precipitation and eutectic phase transformation during solidification of Fe–C–Cr–Ti–Mn–Mo–Ni–Si Ti–added high-chromium cast irons (HCCIs) were studied numerically and experimentally by the help of Partial Equilibrium approximation, DSC thermal analyses and EDX analyses. The main carbides formed during the solidification are distinguished as MC, primary M7C3 and eutectic M7C3 from their distinguished constitution, while other researchers didn’t distinguish the primary and eutectic M7C3 carbide. Through comparing the prediction of Partial Equilibrium approximation with DSC thermal analysis measurement, the precipitation sequence of the eutectic structure in HCCIs is clarified to follow the sequence of FCC prior to the eutectic M7C3, although they were usually expected to precipitate simultaneously. The hardness index of the HCCIs is evaluated quantatively by summation of the contributions of the Vickers hardness of MC, primary M7C3 and eutectic M7C3 carbides with predicted precipitation amount and composition / constitution. The effects of C, Ti and Cr contents on the precipitation sequence, the amount and the composition of carbides as well as the hardness of the HCCIs are discussed deeply. Finally, the validity of Partial Equilibrium approximation is shown in prediction of the solidification in multicomponent system with large amount of precipitated carbides.

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© 2014 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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