Article ID: ISIJINT-2020-098
Titanomagnetite ironsand coal composite hot briquette (ICHB) was proposed as a novel type of burden to enhance the incremental and high-efficiency utilization of ironsand in blast furnace. ICHB was prepared firstly under laboratory conditions, with a compressive strength higher than 3000 N. Then the national charging ratio of ICHB in the mixed burdens was explored to conduct softening-melting experiments with the simulated BF conditions. Finally the softening-melting-dripping mechanism of mixed burdens was discussed by thermodynamic calculations, SEM-EDS, and XRD detections in this work. It was showed that the softening-melting-dripping behavior and the permeability of mixed burdens could be improved obviously by an appropriate ICHB charging. With the increasing of ICHB charging ratio, the location of cohesive zone was shifted down gradually and its thickness was the narrowest at the ICHB charging ratio of 10%, which was beneficial to BF smelting. Meanwhile, the dripping ratio of mixed burden also achieved the maximum value of 66.71% when the ICHB charging ratio was 10%. However, the excessive ICHB charging would promote the precipitation of Ti(C,N) with a high melting point at the interface between metal and slag, which resulted in the deterioration of dripping and further worsening the gas permeability of mixed burdens. Comprehensively considering the softening-melting-dripping behavior and the permeability of mixed burden, and the precipitation of Ti(C,N), the recommended ICHB charging ratio was 10%.