ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Recycling Process for Net-Zero CO2 Emissions in Steel Production
Ryota Higashi Daisuke MaruokaYuji IwamiTaichi Murakami
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: ISIJINT-2024-073

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Abstract

The iron and steelmaking industry must focus on neutralizing CO2 emissions. One solution involves using hydrogen as a reducing agent for iron ore. However, carbon is an essential element as primary steel is produced by refining molten carbon-saturated iron (hot metal). Ironmaking processes applying CO2 capture and utilization have been suggested; however, they are limited to the reduction process. To satisfy the demand for primary steel production with net-zero CO2 emissions, a new carbon recycling ironmaking process capable of producing hot metal must be considered. This study proposes a carbon recycling ironmaking process using deposited carbon-iron ore composite (CRIP-D). In the CRIP-D process, hot metal is produced by using the solid carbon recovered by reforming exhaust gas as reducing and carburizing agents. Moreover, using the recovered solid carbon, iron oxides are reduced more rapidly, and reduced iron is melted at a lower temperature than that using fossil fuel-derived carbon. This means carbon-neutral steel can be produced more efficiently than conventional ironmaking processes. Using proven technologies, following hot metal production, primary steel can be produced while minimizing the burden on the steel mills for converting equipment. Thus, true carbon-neutral primary steel is feasible using the proposed CRIP-D process.

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© 2024 The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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