The Journal of Science of Labour
Online ISSN : 2187-2570
Print ISSN : 0022-443X
Original Articles
Effectiveness of self-screening of alcohol use disorders and self-educational materials for hazardous drinking reduction among Japanese working men
Yoshiko ADACHIKumiko UENONaoko FUKAMACHIKyo ADACHIMasaharu KUMASIROTakefumi YUZURIHA
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2017 Volume 93 Issue 1 Pages 1-10

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Abstract

To examine the effectiveness of self-screening and self-educational materials of a brief alcohol intervention among working men. The research was conducted by a prospective cohort design with cluster sampling controls in a work place. A total 100 men who had consumed more than 60g of alcohol at least once in the past year and responded to the initial survey. They were allocated into an intervention group (n= 54) and a control group (n=46) by the location of working sites. After the initial survey with self-screening for alcohol use disorders, an intervention group received two kinds of simple self-educational leaflet. One was a knowledge about appropriate drinking, and the other was a work-sheet of target- behavior setting and self- monitoring. A control group was conducted only survey with the self-screening. The two groups were followed up at 1 month and 6 month later with the questionnaire. Main measurements were AUDIT score and the ratios of at-risk drinking (AUDIT≧8), hazardous drinking (AUDIT≧12), and weekly heavy drinking (pure alcohol ≧200 g / week). The collected data were assessed by intention to treat analysis. At 6 months, the ratio of hazardous drinking and the AUDIT score were significantly decreased in the intervention group. In the control group, these were not changed. Our findings indicate that self-screening and information of brief alcohol interven tion were effective on hazardous drinking reduction in the working men. It suggests that self-educational materials distribution have some potential to improve alcohol drinking behaviors.

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© 2017 The Institute for Science of Labour
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