2017 Volume 93 Issue 2 Pages 48-60
Accidents occur in every industry, incurring great loss of life and property. Therefore, accident prevention adjusted to particular types of accidents is an urgent issue. The objective of this study is to introduce the history and application of accident models in each industry and suggest effective accident prevention measures taking these models into account. Accident models are divided into major categories: sequential, epidemiological, and systemic. The accident model suited to each situation should be selected in accordance with the degree of tractability and coupling in the characteristics of each industry as well as the type of accident. Organizations must establish systematic accident prevention measures, which include scientific investigations and accident models that are applicable to the industry.