2008 Volume 5 Issue 1 Pages 1-5
INTRODUCTION: Energy expenditure (EE) associated with physical activity is negatively correlated with prevalence of obesity and related diseases, and exercise plays a major role in prevention and treatment of these diseases. We determined baseline daily step-count and physical activity-related energy expenditure (PAEE) in 230 obese subjects (40-64 years old) participating in the Saku Control Obesity Program. The secondary purpose of this study was to determine the association between abdominal fat and amount of physical activity.
METHODS: Daily step-count and PAEE were measured using a uniaxial accelerometer. The subjects wore the uniaxial accelerometer on their belt from the time they woke up until going to bed for 2 weeks. Adjusted PAEE (METs·h/day) was calculated based on daily PAEE and body weight.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Daily step-count, PAEE, and adjusted PAEE were 7,815±3,211 (mean±SD) steps/day, 258±115 kcal/day, and 3.09±1.38 METs·h/day, respectively. There were no significant differences in daily step-count or adjusted PAEE between men and women. Daily step-count and adjusted PAEE were somewhat lower than the reference values for the quantity of physical activity for health promotion (8,000-10,000 steps/day and 3.3 METs·h/day) established by the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan. BMI, visceral fat area, and abdominal circumference were negatively and weakly correlated with daily step-count and adjusted PAEE (r=−0.13 to −0.19, P<0.05 to 0.01). These results suggest that the amount of physical activity assessed by uniaxial accelerometry is partially associated with not only systemic obesity but also abdominal obesity.