Evidence indicated that physical activity was an important contributor to heal elementary school children. Particular attention was paid to enhancing physical activity in elementary school children. School, community, and health care set can be important infrastructures for promoting physical activity. This paper reviews studies of physical activity in school, community, and health care setting among elementary school children to determine characteristics and effects of interventions. The two theoretical approaches —cognitive-behavioral approaches ecological model of health behavior— to promote physical activity were also presented. Along with results of intervention studies reviewed, these findings provide guidance for designing future research studies in the area of physical activity promotion.