2007 年 14 巻 6 号 p. 317-324
Aim: Vascular calcification is a common feature in patients with advanced atherosclerosis, postmenopausal women and patients with renal failure, which results in reduced elasticity of arteries. Pamidronate, a bisphosphonate, is used as a therapeutic agent for anti-osteoporosity, although there are adverse side effects, such as renal damage and aortic inflamed plaque rupture. In the present study, we demonstrated the effects of vitamin K2 alone or in combination with pamidronate in an arterial calcification model induced using inorganic phosphate in cultured bovine aortic smooth muscle cells (BASMCs).
Methods: Calcification was induced by the addition of Pi (3 mM) in BASMCs. Calcium deposition was determined by Calcium C-test Wako and von Kossa staining. mRNA expression was assessed by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.
Results: Calcium deposition assay and von Kossa staining showed that calcification could be inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by treatment with vitamin K2 alone, and that its inhibitory effect was enhanced when combined with pamidronate. It was found that the expression of tropoelastin mRNA was synergistically enhanced by combined treatment with vitamin K2 and pamidronate, and the expression matrix Gla protein mRNA and osteopontin mRNA expression were also enhanced and suppressed, respectively, by treatment with vitamin K2 or pamidronate. Moreover, our data showed that the suppression of TE expression by siRNA significantly increased Pi-induced vascular calcification.
Conclusion: Taken together, our study suggests that vitamin K2 in combination with pamidronate synergistically inhibits arterial calcification via the increased expression of tropoelastin, which would be a useful marker for developing effective therapeutic or prophylactic agents for arterial calcification.