2011 年 18 巻 6 号 p. 494-503
Aim: Dietary supplements in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), particularly omega-3, are well known for their beneficial effects in preventing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The aim of this study was to determine the role of PUFA on the modulation of apoptosis induced by hypochlorous acidoxidized LDL (HOCl-oxLDL) in U937 cells.
Methods: We tested the effect of monocyte cell line U937 supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), arachidonic acid (ARA) or oleic acid (OA) on the modulation of HOCl-oxLDL-induced apoptosis.
Results: First, we showed the incorporation of fatty acids in the cellular membrane in U937 cells. Then, we showed that both EPA and ARA exerted a pro-apoptotic effect through the intrinsic mitochondrial apoptotic pathway including the dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential followed by cardiolipin depletion, the downstream activation of caspase-3 and the increase in DNA fragmentation. The pro-apoptotic effect of EPA or ARA was completely blocked in U937/Bcl-2 cells.
Conclusions: A new mechanism of dietary supplements in PUFA with likely consequences in apoptosis could be suggested through the mitochondrial pathway in monocytes.