2013 年 20 巻 1 号 p. 65-72
Aim: Aspirin resistance (AR) is common in Chinese stroke patients taking antiplatelet medications; however, few studies have documented the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 C50T and COX-2 G765C polymorphisms in AR. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AR in Chinese stroke patients and the relationships between AR and COX-1 C50T and COX-2 G765C polymorphisms, and to evaluate the effect of these polymorphisms on platelet response to aspirin.
Methods: We prospectively enrolled 634 Chinese stroke patients. Platelet aggregation testing was performed before and after aspirin administration. The pre- and post-aspirin levels of 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (11-dTxB2) were determined in urine samples. COX-1 C50T and COX-2 G765C genotypes were determined by a polymerase chain reaction-allelic restriction assay.
Results: AR was detected in 129 patients (20.4%), aspirin semi-resistance (ASR) was detected in 28 patients (4.4%), and aspirin sensitivity (AS) was detected in 477 patients (75.2%). There was no association between COX-1 C50T or COX-2 G765C polymorphisms and ASR+AR. Aspirin could efficiently reduce 11-dTxB2 production by approximately 75%. In addition, platelet aggregation, both in response to arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine 5’-diphosphate (ADP), was inhibited by more than 80% and 40%, respectively; however, the percentage reduction in platelet aggregation and 11-dTxB2 levels was not significantly different between the COX-1 C50T and COX-2 G765C genotypes (p＞0.05).
Conclusions: There was no association between COX-1 C50T and COX-2 G765C polymorphisms and AR in Chinese stroke patients. In addition, COX-1 C50T and COX-2 G765C polymorphisms had no effect on the platelet response to aspirin.