Article ID: 60608
Aims: Oral bacteria have been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis; however, the relationship between the oral microbiota and atherosclerosis remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate whether or not salivary microbiota of patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) differs from that of subjects without ACVD, and to characterize the salivary microbiota of patients with ACVD.
Methods: This study included 43 patients with ACVD and 86 age- and sex-matched non-ACVD individuals. 16S rRNA metagenomic analysis were performed using DNA isolated from the saliva samples of the participants. To select unique operational taxonomic unit (OTU) sets of ACVD, we conducted the random forest algorithm in machine learning, followed by confirmation via 10-fold cross-validation
Results: There was no difference in richness or evenness between the ACVD and non-ACVD groups (alpha diversity; observed OTU index, p=0.503; Shannon's index, p=0.478). However, significant differences were found in the overall salivary microbiota structure (beta diversity; unweighted UniFrac distances, p=0.001; weighted UniFrac distances, p=0.001). The Actinobacteria phylum was highly abundant in patients with ACVD, while the Bacteroidetes phylum was less abundant. The random forest classifier identified 43 OTUs as an optimal marker set of ACVD. In a 10-fold cross validation using the validation data, an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.933 (95% CI, 0.855–1.000) was obtained.
Conclusions: The salivary microbiota in patients with ACVD was distinct from that of non-ACVD individuals, indicating that the salivary microbiota may be related to ACVD.