Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-6535
Print ISSN : 1882-0743
Regular Issue: Full papers
Change in the morphology of ZnO crystals by thermal evaporation method using a mixture of ZnS and graphite
Geun-Hyoung LEE
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Volume 125 (2017) Issue 10 Pages 779-782

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One dimensional rod-shaped and two dimensional twin-crystal shaped ZnO crystals were fabricated by thermal evaporation of a mixture of ZnS and graphite powders in air at atmospheric pressure. Twin-crystal shaped ZnO crystals were formed at 1050°C, while rod-shaped ZnO crystals were synthesized at 1150°C. The morphology of ZnO crystals was drastically changed according to the growth temperature. It is particularly interesting that two hexagonal plates formed a twin crystal, in which hexagonal shaped ZnO plates were symmetrically grown on both sides of a mirror-like plane. The twin crystal looked like a yo-yo. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the rod and twin-crystal shaped ZnO crystals exhibited a wurtzite crystallographic structure. A strong green emission peak at 500 nm was observed in the cathodoluminescence spectra of the ZnO crystals at room temperature.

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© 2017 The Ceramic Society of Japan
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