JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL
Online ISSN : 1347-4839
Print ISSN : 0047-1828
Clinical Study
Clinical Features and Prognosis of Japanese Patients With Anomalous Origin of the Coronary Artery
Bunji KakuMasami ShimizuHiroyuki YoshioHidekazu lnoSumio MizunoHonin KanayaShozo lshiseHiroshi Mabuchi
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1996 Volume 60 Issue 10 Pages 731-741

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Abstract

Anomalous origin of the coronary artery can lead to angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction or even sudden death in the absence of atherosclerosis. However, in Japan, this anomaly is usually treated medically rather than surgically. To clarify the clinical features of anomalous origin of the coronary artery in Japanese and the prognosis of such patients who are treated medically, we reviewed 56 patients with anomalous origin of the coronary arteries, The mean age of these patients was 55.9±11.5 years. Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the left sinus of Valsalva was seen most frequently (78.6%). In contrast, we found no cases of anomalous origin of the left corolnary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva traversing between the aorta and the pulmonary trunk. A history of syncope (14.3%) and aortic regurgitation (21.4%) was frequent and serious complications during exercise stress testing occurred in 5 patients. These patients were treated medically, such as by limiting exercise or by the oral administration of medicine. During the follow up period (mean 5.64.2 years), death directly related to anomalous origin of the coronary artery was not found despite the lack of surgical treatment. Our results suggest that the prognosis of these middle-aged-tolelderly patients without atherosclerosis is relatively good, despite the lack of surgical treatment. (Jpn Circ J 1996; 60: 731 - 741)

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© 1996 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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