2000 Volume 64 Issue 11 Pages 883-885
After placing a stent in the main vessel of a bifurcation lesion, it is sometimes necessary to perform further balloon inflation in order to treat an ostial lesion in a side branch. The stent struts may prevent full balloon expansion at the ostium of a side branch, resulting in residual ostial stenosis. The degree of completeness of balloon inflation may vary significantly depending on the stent design and structure. A model of a bifurcation lesion with an angle of 45°was created from acrylic resin. The diameters of the main vessel and the side branch were both 3.5mm. Deployment of the Palmaz-Schatz stent (n=5), NIR stent (n=5) or Multi-Link stent (n=5) was performed in the main vessel with a 3.5-mm balloon catheter inflated to 12 atm. A 3.5-mm balloon catheter was then inflated to 12 atm through the stent struts of the main vessel and into the ostium of the side branch. The degree of completeness of balloon inflation (% balloon expansion) was calculated as (smallest diameter of balloon catheter/reference diameter of balloon catheter)×100%. The minimal lumen diameter (MLD) and cross-sectional area (CSA) at the ostium of the side branch created with the stent struts were also measured. Limited balloon expansion through the struts was observed with the Palmaz-Schatz stent and the NIR stent, but almost full balloon expansion was observed with the Multi-Link stent (% balloon expansion: Palmaz-Schatz stent 80%, NIR stent 60%, Multi-Link stent 94%, p<0.01). The MLD and CSA of the dilated struts, representing the ostium of the side branch, of the Palmaz-Schatz stent (2.2±0.1mm, 4.5±0.3mm2) and the NIR stent (1.8±0.1mm, 3.1±0.3mm2) were significantly smaller compared with those of the Multi-Link stent (3.0±0.2mm, 8.4±0.6mm2) (p<0.01). The struts of the Palmaz-Schatz stent and the NIR stent deployed in the main vessel of a bifurcation prevent full expansion of a balloon catheter inflated at the side branch ostium. In contrast, almost full balloon expansion through the struts of the Multi-Link stent is achieved.