Zairyo-to-Kankyo
Online ISSN : 1881-9664
Print ISSN : 0917-0480
Research Paper
Effect of Re-oxization Rate of Chromium and Vanadium Ions on Corrosion Rate of Stainless Steel in Boiling Nitric Acid Solutions
Takafumi MotookaChiaki KatoMasahiro Yamamoto
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2010 Volume 59 Issue 1 Pages 18-24

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Abstract

The effect of chromium and vanadium ions on corrosion of stainless steels in boiling nitric acid solutions were investigated in terms of valence change with time. The corrosion behavior of type SUS304ULC stainless steel in boiling nitric acid solutions was investigated by corrosion test, measurement of corrosion potential and solution analysis. The formation rates of Cr(VI) and V(V) in boiling nitric acid solutions were also measured.
Cr(VI) more severely attacked the stainless steel than V(V). The concentration of Cr(VI) reduced with progress of corrosion and the oxidation ability of test solution weakened . While the concentration of V(V) was constant with progress of corrosion and the oxidation ability of test solution was maintained constant. In boiling nitric acid solutions, the formation rate of V(V) from reducdant was extremely faster than that of Cr(VI). In boiling nitric acid solution with V(V), the formation rate of V(V) was faster than the consumed rate of V(V) by corrosion of stainless steel. This caused the constancy of V(V) concentration and the steady corrosion of stainless steel. In boiling nitric acid solution with Cr(VI), the formation rate of Cr(VI) was slower than the consumed rate of Cr(VI) by corrosion of stainless steel. This caused the decreases of Cr(VI) concentration and corrosion rate of stainless steel.

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© 2010 Japan Society of Corrosion Engineering
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