1993 Volume 42 Issue 2 Pages 107-115
A study has been made of surface modification of materials by ion implantation. Concepts are explained briefly of ion implantation and surface finishing. Use of direct ion implantation is introduced for surface modification of metals, ceramics, polymers and carbon. Ion beam mixing, especially dynamic mixing, related to ion implantation is indicated to be useful for practical applications. Some opinions are proposed for practical use of ion beam technology.