1993 Volume 42 Issue 2 Pages 79-85
Decarburization behavior of 21/4Cr-1Mo steel used for the stam generator tubes of the fast breeder reactor in high temperature sodium was studied by following tow tests. (1) Long term test to grasp outline of decarburization behavior of 21/4Cr-1Mo steel in the temperature range of 380-600°C included operating temperature of steam generator. (2) Accelerated test in high temperature range of 500-700°C to study more detail decarburization behavior of 21/4Cr-1Mo steel. In long term test, it was found that logarithm of diffusion rate constant calculated from decarburization rate of 21/4Cr-1Mo steel was proportional with reciprocal sodium temperature. In accelerated test, however, the relation between them was not the same to the relation of long term test but changed with sodium temperature. From the results, it was clarified that decarburization mechanism was different with temperature and was affected by formation, decomposition and transformation of carbides in 21/4Cr-1Mo steel under the tests. Decrease of carbon concentration of 21/4Cr-1Mo steel for 40 years was estimated by the use of diffusion rate constant obtained in the tests.