認知科学
Online ISSN : 1881-5995
Print ISSN : 1341-7924
特集-知覚研究の発展と展望
エージェントベースの協同に関する実験的検討
林 勇吾
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ジャーナル フリー

2014 年 21 巻 3 号 p. 382-395

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The present study examines the use of multiple agents as experimental tools for inves-
tigating human collaboration behaviors. The study suggests two types of methods to
ensure the effective use of agents for human experiments: (1) instructing participants to
believe that they are collaborating with actual human partners, and (2) using embod-
ied agents equipped with social cues that use certain human characteristics. These two
methods were investigated by conducting a controlled experiment in a collaborative
problem-solving task where members had to insightfully change their perspective to
discover the solution. The following two situations were investigated to determine the
degree of perspective change based on previous studies on human group dynamics: (a)
engaging with members with different perspectives (majority), and (b) engaging with a
member with a different perspective (minority). Results showed that perspective-taking
behaviors were detected in the two suggested methods. Specifically, the effects of the
dynamics of group members (agents) with different perspectives had a stronger influence
on perspective change. The study contributes to collaboration studies demonstrating
new methodologies, such as using agents as experimental tools. Further, it presents
interesting views on human interaction; interactions succeed not only when humans
think they are interacting with other humans but also with artifacts that have simple
designs like humans.

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© 2014 日本認知科学会
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