認知科学
Online ISSN : 1881-5995
Print ISSN : 1341-7924
ISSN-L : 1341-7924
研究論文
合奏練習場面における指導者の働きかけをいかに捉えるか
―社会・文化的アプローチの観点から―
新原 将義茂呂 雄二
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ジャーナル フリー

2014 年 21 巻 4 号 p. 468-484

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Traditional study of music education perceives instructor’s teaching narrowly as how
instructor teach knowledge that is previous in advance adequately, so instructor’s ac-
tive and improvised encouragement had never been deal properly. This paper pointed
out that and describes the scene of teaching of orchestra which was leaded by profes-
sional conductor, and consider about instructor’s encouragement in practice of playing
music, which is characterized as highly artistic. Result of analysis reveals 3 forms of
encouragement by conductor. First is “scaffolding”, which makes clear the differences
between good way to resolve the problem and action what was really done. Second is
“re-configuration of resource”, which controls significance of score and indicate other
player as resource. And Third is “actualization of tacit knowledge”, which actualizes
the knowledge that is impossible to generalize in concrete scene of practice and music.
Finally, this paper pointed out that every teaching of this study has “possibility to de-
velopment” which makes possible for conductor to develop the teaching, and researcher
need to consider these instruction as intermixed process, not as each independent pro-
cesses.

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© 2014 日本認知科学会
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