Journal of Epidemiology
Online ISSN : 1349-9092
Print ISSN : 0917-5040
ISSN-L : 0917-5040
Japan Children's Study 2004–2009, a Developmental Cohort Study of Early Childhood
A Longitudinal Study on Social Competence Development and Sleeping Habits
Etsuko TomisakiEmiko TanakaRyoji ShinoharaYuka SugisawaLian TongMaki HiranoTaeko WatanabeYoko OndaYukiko MochizukiYuri KawashimaYuko YatoNoriko YamakawaTokie Anme  Japan Children's Study Group
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2010 Volume 20 Issue Supplement_II Pages S472-S475

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Abstract

Background: It is known that sleep problems impact children’s health, learning, and school performance. The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between sleeping habits and social competence development.
Methods: Three hundred and nine caregiver-child dyads participated in this study, which was conducted as part of a Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) project. The caregivers answered some questionnaires about sleeping habits when the child was 9 months and 18 months old. Caregiver-child interaction was observed when the child was 30 months old, and the features of the interaction were examined using the Interaction Rating Scale (IRS) as a measure of social competence.
Results: The caregivers’ attitude toward sleeping in the 9-month period was found to be significantly correlated with the children’s social competence at 30 months. Moreover the caregivers’ attitude toward sleeping in the 9-month period significantly correlated with the children’s sleeping habits at 9 and 18 months.
Conclusions: These findings show that the caregivers’ attitude toward sleeping is an important factor influencing the development of children’s social competence.

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© 2010 by the Japan Epidemiological Association
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