Article ID: JE20180018
Background: To examine trends in serum lipids in population in Northwestern Xinjiang between 1998 and 2015 and to provide clues for future prevention.
Methods: We enrolled 5,142 adults aged ≥30 years from seven independent cross-sectional studies conducted in 1998–2000, 2007–2008, and 2015. Blood lipid profiles, such as total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), were measured.
Results: The mean age was 48.5 years in 1998–2000, 47.9 years in 2007–2008, and 53.7 years in 2015. There was a declining trend in the prevalence of dyslipidemia among adults in northwestern Xinjiang. Mean LDL-C decreased during the same period, while mean HDL-C showed the opposite trend. Mean TC was 4.79 mmol/L in 1998–2000, 5.17 mmol/L in 2007–2008, and 4.59 mmol/L in 2015. The trend of mean TG was similar to that of TC. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was closely related with male gender, Mongolian ethnicity, hypertension, obesity, elevated fasting blood glucose, smoking, and drinking.
Conclusion: Between 1998 and 2015, favorable trends in lipid levels have occurred among adults of Northwestern Xinjiang. However, further efforts are needed.