Journal of Epidemiology
Online ISSN : 1349-9092
Print ISSN : 0917-5040
ISSN-L : 0917-5040
Associations of frequency of laughter with risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence in a general population: findings from the Yamagata study
Kaori SakuradaTsuneo KontaMasafumi WatanabeKenichi IshizawaYoshiyuki UenoHidetoshi YamashitaTakamasa Kayama
Author information
JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: JE20180249

Details
Abstract

Background: Positive and negative psychological factors are associated with mortality and cardiovascular disease. This study prospectively investigated associations between daily frequency of laughter, and mortality and cardiovascular disease in a community-based population.

Methods: This study included 17,152 subjects ≥40 years old who participated in an annual health check in Yamagata Prefecture. Self-reported daily frequency of laughter was grouped into 3 categories (≥1/week; ≥1/month but <1/week; <1/month). Associations between daily frequency of laughter and increase in all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence were determined using Cox proportional hazards modeling.

Results: During follow-up (median, 5.4 years), 257 subjects died and 138 subjects experienced cardiovascular events. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence were significantly higher among subjects with a low frequency of laughter (log-rank P<0.01). Cox proportional hazard model analysis adjusted for age, gender, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol drinking status showed that risk of all-cause mortality was significantly higher in subjects who laughed <1/month than in subjects who laughed ≥1/week (hazard ratio (HR) 1.95, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.16-3.09). Similarly, risk of cardiovascular events was higher in subjects who laughed ≥1/month but < 1/week than in subjects who laughed ≥1/week (HR 1.62, 95% CI, 1.07-2.40).

Conclusion: Daily frequency of laughter represents an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease in a Japanese general population.

Information related to the author
© 2019 Kaori Sakurada et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top