Journal of Electrophoresis
Online ISSN : 1349-9408
Print ISSN : 1349-9394
ISSN-L : 1349-9394
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Aggregate formation analysis of bean proteins with various divalent metal cations by SDS-PAGE using low concentration of SDS extraction medium
Ryota KiriyamaMasamichi Oh-Ishi
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2023 Volume 67 Issue 1 Pages 9-13


The amount of metal ions that exist in living organisms is almost fixed for each organism. In the case of soybeans, divalent metal ions such as Mg2+ and Ca2+ exist in hundreds of mg per 100 g of soybean (abundant metals), while divalent metal ions such as Fe2+, Mn2+, and Cu2+ exist in only a few mg per 100 g of soybean (trace metals). To investigate the difference in effectiveness in aggregating proteins between the two groups of metal ions, a comparative analysis was performed using a combination method of low-concentration (0.1%) SDS extraction, aggregates sedimentation with low-speed centrifugation, and SDS-PAGE. When the amount of ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) added to soybean homogenate exceeded 0.3 mM, the most bands on SDS-PAGE suddenly became fainter. On the other hand, with calcium chloride (CaCl2), these bands became a little thinner when it exceeded 0.5 mM, but even if the amount of CaCl2 added was increased, they became thinner gradually and did not become thinner suddenly. Furthermore, it is noteworthy that when 0.1 mM copper sulfate (CuSO4) was added to soybean homogenate, the most bands became fainter but only a band of unidentified protein with 21 kDa increased. Based on the above experiments, it is possible to investigate the formation of aggregates between various metal ions and soybean proteins using low-concentration SDS extracts, which is a new method for investigating proteins that interact with metal ions.

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© 2023 by Japanese Electrophoresis Society
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